Glynnis Lessing

An Artist’s Blog
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Hand-built plates by Kip O’Krongly

Just a few of the women potters of Northfield were able to gather at Kip O’Krongly’s studio this past week to watch her demonstrate how she makes her wonderful handbuilt terra cotta plates.1 kip's finished plates

My first caveat in this tutorial is that Kip works with Terra Cotta and additionally, it is a custom recipe of hers. That said, I do believe most any Terra Cotta will work and possibly stoneware. What I’m really not sure about is if you could do this with porcelain! Those higher fired clays tend to get a little slumpy at cone 10. I plan to try this in the spring and will post results (eventually!)

 

What you will need:

A file folder or other heavyish card stock for templates

Cutting tool like this8favorite tool or a needle tool

Rolling pin and 2 ¼ “ thick sticks or a rolling pin like Kip has with rubber washers that set the depth or maybe a slab roller

And an extruder that looks like a calking gun. I’m sure you could try the whole thing out with just a coil  but if you were going into production, you’d probably like to have the extruder.

Banding wheel(s)

Scoring tool

Water

Yellow rib

A beveling tool with a rubber tip

Here we go:

Kip took about a pound of clay and began to roll it out with her special rolling pin- I think she said she got this from a kitchen supply store- it comes with various sized removable rings- what a great clay tool, right? (*If you Google “Fondant rolling pin” you can find them for sale in many places)2 rolling pin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

She had a tip for rolling it out- just roll up to near the edge – not over the edge and then work that lump outwards until it rolls under and becomes the edge.6 shows spot where you stop -trick to rolling

Lay your plate template down- she made hers from a  file folder and laminated them. Her template for dessert plate fit right inside her dinner plate template!9 templates for dinner and dessertThey will eventually wear out.

Cut around the outside edge, lightly trace the inside circle.10 cuts around template11 does NOT cut through inside ring

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Because Kip makes about 10- or 20 of these at a time there are points at which she makes a bunch and lets them sit. This would be one of those points- she would cut out quite a few of these and let them sit until she was ready for the next step… which is

Extruding the foot.  16 extrudingThis is her extruder and templates.13 extruder templates

Kip has used old credit cards or 2 thicknesses of yogurt container tops to make her templates but she finally had these made. This is the one for the foot.

14 custom templateThey are beveled to enhance the compression. She has marks on her table for the lengths she needs for the various sized plates she makes. So smart!15 lengths marked on table

If she is doing a lot of these, she will immediately wrap each one in plastic. It’s a lot of surface exposed and it can dry up fast plus it needs to be flexible!17 extruded piece

She curves her extrusion a bit while she is scoring the plate bottom along that line she traced earlier 19 scoringall the while, dipping her scoring tool in water. She then scores the extrusion and begins attaching it. 21 applying footWhen she reaches the end, she does not leave an overlap.

23 abbutted- no overlap

She scores the ends and butts them together, compressing and smoothing with her finger. 25 abuttedShe presses the foot on very gently with her finger while turning the banding wheel.

26 smoothing

 

Now she will pay attention to finishing the attachment area. First she brushes it with a damp paintbrush and

27 smoothing joint wiht burch

then uses this tool

28 a THE TOOLto go in on the outside to clean it up and compress it

28 b smoothing joint with tool

and on the inside and make a bevel that will aid later in curving the plate.

30 adding bevel with tool

This is another stopping point. These flat plates will be set on top of plastic 32 waiting to be leatherand let dry to leather hard. If Kip is making a dinner sized plate, she would have set it on a bat instead of directly onto the banding wheel but the dessert plates are small enough to lift fairly easily.

31 picking up to store- this sits til leather hard

 

Once the  plate has set up, Kip works again on the banding wheel and in front of a mirror.

33 working the leather hard with a mirror

The mirror is invaluable in helping her see the rim and plate and keeping it even as she gently curves it,

36 using mirror to keep it even

she goes around the rim pinching and thinning it out toward the rim.

35a pinching out ward to rim35 pinching out ward toward rim to thin it

She also pushes down the center gently  with a yellow rib. If you want a more dramatic dip and differentiation between rim and plate, you can really go in there and push down.37 using a yellow rib

She cleans up the rim with a sureform type file and angles it slightly in. She also scores it with her pronged scoring tool.41 filing edge

42 scored rim

Then it is time to extrude the rim.39 extruded rim piece being cut

She immediately coils this up to make sure it doesn’t crack later. She sets this piece on a smaller banding wheel next to the banding wheel with a plate on it.40 coil it up immed. so no cracks

 

 

 

 

 

The rim of the plate is wet-scored and then the rim is wet scored with a ridged rib all at once.43 scoring actual rim  with serrated rib

44 scored rimKip then attaches the rim.

45 technique for putting rim on- 2 spinning banding wheels

This time she does leave a slight overlap but47 leave an overlap she abuts the pieces48 abut and work it in compressing and then compressing, and working it along, she moves that part of the rim in and attaches it. This is to keep the rim from cracking- it has to do with attatching a slightly wetter piece to the leather hard- at this point the rim will shrink more than the plate body.

She goes around the rim now; first with a damp brush, then a wooden tool and then the beveling tool which she uses to make a line. 49 the tool beveling againThis makes the application of her latex easier and she fills it in later with slip- the latex keeping the rim clean and bare.54 finished rim to compare

On the underside, the rim must also be smoothed and beveled and then a crack that inevitably forms when the curving is done must be addressed.55 this cracks here from the curving process A wooden tool and then finger do the job.52 then this stick tool and the beveling tool is used again.51 bevel again


Another natural stopping point, the plates could be wrapped for days until kip is ready to latex them. I will do a second post talking about Kip’s decorating process.

For now, you are left with a  super lightweight plate that looks thrown!

 

 

Posted in teaching and Technique 4 years, 10 months ago at 12:20 pm.

13 comments

13 Replies

  1. great tutorial, thanks and thanks to Kip

  2. OFELIA CASTANEDA Dec 28th 2013

    Thanks for sharing, great information, excellent work.

  3. Thanks a lot for sharing this tutorial, all clear and very helpful! A rolling pin with rubber washers, how easy and smart is that? 🙂

  4. Glynnis Dec 31st 2013

    Thanks!
    I have since found out it’s a fondant rolling pin with spacers made for cake decorating by Wilton. if you google “Fondant Rolling Pin”, you can find it for sale in a lot of places!

  5. Robbie Apr 4th 2014

    Thanks! Great information.

  6. Jillian Wolf Jan 20th 2015

    Hi Glynnis, thanks so much for sharing this. Where I can I find your second post on Kip’s decorating process. I’m researching layering.

  7. Glynnis Feb 3rd 2015

    Jillian, I haven’t written it yet I’m so sorry! It’s been a busy year.

  8. Great tutorial, thanks.

  9. Thanks a lot for sharing!
    A great tutorial and information.

  10. Shirley Oct 31st 2015

    Nice and clear..thanks for the really helpful tips.

  11. Stephanie Nov 30th 2015

    Did you ever post about the way she uses stencils or templates? Very curious!

  12. Glynnis Jun 2nd 2016

    Stephanie, I’m so sorry, I haven’t yet! I shouldn’t promise things. I still hope to do it eventually.

  13. Glynnis Mar 19th 2017

    Stephanie, I confess I am dreadfully behind! I still hope to someday. Apologies!


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